Hilleman put down the paper: “My God,” he said, “This is the pandemic. It’s here!” As I was investigating the origins of the flu “virus,” I had come upon the infamous avian flu and decided to crack the egg open so to speak. I originally set out to uncover whether this would be the one… Continue reading Maurice Hilleman and the Avian Flu Pandemics
“Isolation and purification of a virus is necessary before a vaccine can be made.” The above statement came from the New York Times obituary of Wendell Meredith Stanley, considered by some to be the “Father of Virology.” While it is technically a correct statement, it really should read: Isolation and purification of the particles believed… Continue reading Further Proof The Influenza “Virus” Was Never Purified and Isolated
After “isolating” the influenza A “virus” in 1934 and supposedly “isolating” it again on tissue culture and egg membrane in 1937, Thomas Francis Jr. was back in 1940 to perform more grotesque serial passages of ground up chemically altered diseased animal tissue goo from one animal into another. He must have decided that the perfect… Continue reading Did Thomas Francis Jr. Isolate Influenza B in 1940?
When I originally started researching the origins of the supposed isolation of the influenza “virus,” I was not expecting to spend so much time on Thomas Francis Jr. It became evident, however, that throughout the early flu research of the 1930’s and 40’s, Francis Jr. was “Mr. Influenza.” It was also apparent that his research… Continue reading Thomas Francis Jr.’s Flu Review (1937)
In 1937, a few years after Smith, Andrewes, and Laidlaw supposedly isolated influenza A in 1933 and after Thomas Francis Jr. supposedly isolated it in 1934, Francis Jr. once again claimed to have the direct isolation of influenza A “virus,” this time in tissue culture medium and on an egg membrane. Or at least that… Continue reading Did Thomas Francis Jr. Isolate Influenza A in 1937?
“Epidemiology must constantly seek imaginative and ingenious teachers and scholars to create a new genre of medical ecologists who, with both the fine sensitivity of the scientific artist, and the broad perception of the community sculptor, can interpret the interplay of forces which result in disease.” —Thomas Francis, Jr. After the British trio of Smith,… Continue reading Did Thomas Francis Jr. Isolate Influenza A in 1934?
Two years after Richard Shope “discovered” that an invisible “virus” was the assumed cause of the swine flu in 1931, three other researchers decided to determine the “viral” cause of human influenza. These researchers were Wilson Smith, Christopher Andrewes, and Patrick Laidlaw. In order to determine the cause of influenza in humans, these brave researchers… Continue reading Was Influenza A Isolated in 1933?
Before the discovery of “viruses,” people believed that disease was caused by bacteria. There were rumblings and murmurs of invisible pathogens hidden within the fluids but most experiments were focused on cultivating bacteria from a diseased host and explaining pathogenesis based on the findings. This was no different for the flu. In 1892, German bacteriologist… Continue reading Richard Shope Swine Flu Paper (1931)