McIntosh “Coronavirus” OC43 Preliminary Paper (1967)

In 1967, Kenneth McIntosh discovered what became considered the second strain of “Coronavirus” (after the red-headed step-child B814 was discarded to the historical waste bin) which was later named OC43. It is difficult to find out much backstory on the discovery process of OC43, which coincidentally happened to be discovered at the same exact time… Continue reading McIntosh “Coronavirus” OC43 Preliminary Paper (1967)

June Almeida And The First “Coronavirus” EM Images (1967)

June Almeida became an electron microscope expert, using the device to create detailed pictures of human cells and viruses. Researcher David Tyrrell asked her for help identifying a mysterious virus; she created these detailed images. MUST CREDIT: Left photo: Courtesy Joyce Almeida; right photos: Courtesy of Joyce Almeida and A.J. Tyrrell

In 1967, June Almeida presented a paper supposedly showing the first EM images of the “coronavirus” structure. These images were published two years after D.A. Tyrrell discovered the B814 strain in 1965 and a year after Dorothy Hamre discovered strain 229E in 1966. The samples that Almeida used to characterize the previously unseen “viruses” were… Continue reading June Almeida And The First “Coronavirus” EM Images (1967)

Hamre’s “Coronavirus” 229E Paper (1966)

In 1966, Dorothy Hamre “isolated” what she termed specimen 229E from tissue cultures using specimens from college students. She noticed what she said was distinct cytopathic changes (CPE) from known “viruses” and the results she obtained from indirect antibody testing led her to conclude it was a new respiratory “virus.” The 229E “virus” is now… Continue reading Hamre’s “Coronavirus” 229E Paper (1966)

D.A. Tyrrell’s 2nd “Coronavirus” Discovery Paper (1966)

This is the second paper by D.A. Tyrrell that is considered as preliminary evidence for the existence of human “coronaviruses.” Notice, as in his first paper from 1965, that once again there are numerous assumptions which are made, the least of which is that there is a “virus” present in the samples to begin with.… Continue reading D.A. Tyrrell’s 2nd “Coronavirus” Discovery Paper (1966)

D.A. Tyrrell’s “Coronavirus” Discovery Paper (1965)

If you want to truly understand the insane leaps in logic, the numerous assumptions, and the lack of evidence regarding any “virus,” you must always trace things back to the original source for the discovery of said “virus.” If the paper claiming the isolation of a novel “virus” is unable to actually show purification/isolation of… Continue reading D.A. Tyrrell’s “Coronavirus” Discovery Paper (1965)

Fouchier “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003): Koch’s Postulates Fulfilled?

“It is obvious that Koch’s Postulates have not been satisfied in viral diseases.” -Thomas Rivers 1937 During the 2003 SARS “epidemic,” the WHO regularly announced updates about their search for the causative agent of what was claimed to be a new disease. On March 27th, 2003, they admitted that the criteria that needed to be… Continue reading Fouchier “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003): Koch’s Postulates Fulfilled?

Ksiazek “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

This is the final of the four papers used to claim that Koch’s Postulates (four logic-based criteria needed to be met in order to claim a pathogen causes disease), were fulfilled for “SARS-COV-1.” However, as in the other papers used to make this claim, the researchers fail at even fulfilling the first two Postulates. The… Continue reading Ksiazek “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

Poutanen “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

The Poutanen study/report summarized the initial epidemiologic findings, clinical description, and diagnostic findings for the first probable cases of “SARS” in Canada. This paper was used along with three others as evidence that “SARS-COV-1” fulfilled Koch’s Postulates, a series of four logical requirements developed by Robert Koch in 1890 that were agreed upon by the… Continue reading Poutanen “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

Drosten “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

Christian Drosten, a German virologist who helped to create the problematic “SARS-COV-2” PCR test without ever actually seeing a “virus,” was also heavily involved in the original “SARS-COV-1” discovery process. In fact, Drosten was instrumental in setting up the molecular virology methods used today to claim the discovery of novel “viruses” based on genome sequences… Continue reading Drosten “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

J.S.M. Peiris “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)

On November 16, 2002, the first case of an atypical pneumonia was reported in Guangdong province in the southern part of China. It wasn’t until nearly 4 months later on March 12th, 2003 that the WHO announced a global alert about a severe pneumonia affecting parts of Asia. On March 24th, 2003, a CDC laboratory… Continue reading J.S.M. Peiris “SARS-COV-1” Paper (2003)